Bye bye Callbacks, hello Promises in NodeJS

β€’ 5 min read

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These is gonna be a meme-tastic blog post. Strap yourself in.

So, I guess you read the [super]clickbaity title, and couldn't resist it, huh? Well, no worries, I promise you 😁 this is gonna be good.

#History lesson 😴

NodeJS initially shipped with callbacks for its amazing asynchronous model which made it an overnight star in the first place. And callbacks were cool. You could read a huge file, and write the code in such a way to simply wait for the response to come out. This applied to database reads, XHR calls(ajax). This model was groundbreaking when it came out.

Callbacks follow this pattern πŸ‘‡

callback(param1, param2, param3, (error, data)) {
  // Do something
}

Note, there can be any number of parameters before the actual callback as the last parameter, and the callback doesn't have to have only data either, it can be any number of parameters, or not have any, other than the error.

But there's a funny thing that happens when you dive super deep into something. YoU fInD oUt ItS fLaWs. πŸ‘‡

fs.readdir(source, function (err, files) {
  if (err) {
    console.log('Error finding files: ' + err);
  } else {
    files.forEach(function (filename, fileIndex) {
      console.log(filename);
      gm(source + filename).size(function (err, values) {
        if (err) {
          console.log('Error identifying file size: ' + err);
        } else {
          console.log(filename + ' : ' + values);
          aspect = values.width / values.height;
          widths.forEach(
            function (width, widthIndex) {
              height = Math.round(width / aspect);
              console.log('resizing ' + filename + 'to ' + height + 'x' + height);
              this.resize(width, height).write(dest + 'w' + width + '_' + filename, function (err) {
                if (err) console.log('Error writing file: ' + err);
              });
            }.bind(this)
          );
        }
      });
    });
  }
});

Oh boy, my eyes bleed πŸ™ˆ

I guess this twitter meme was on point πŸ‘‡

#Enter promises

Promises radicalized the whole scene. They made our code even cleaner. They follow a much simpler structure. No need for all that indentation inside indentation inside indentation. Max to max 1 level of indentation is needed

const finalData = fetch('https://api.example/com')
  .then((req) => req.json())
  .then((data) => cleanUpData(data))
  .then((data) => doEpicShit(data));

Using the .then pattern made life super easy.

And then came async/await. Above code became even simpler:

const req = await fetch('https://api.example.com');
const data = await req.json();
const finalData = cleanUpData(data);

doEpicShit(finalData);

So flat πŸ˜‡

#Callback to Promise

Converting callbacks to promises in NodeJS is very simple. If you're using fs.readdir.

We'll redefine it:

const readdirPromise = (folderPath) =>
  new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    return fs.readdir(folderPath, (err, filenames) =>
      err != null ? reject(err) : resolve(filenames)
    );
  });

Just do it for every single function πŸ˜‰

NOTE: The above part was a joke. You don't need to redefine every single callback function like that.

#Serious way...

Since Node 8, there's been a built-in helper function into Node, called promisify. It's the easiest way to promisify your callbacks. Check it out πŸ‘‡

const { promisify } = require('util');

const callbackP = promisify(callback);

await callbackP();

That's it. Just pass your callback to promisify, and it will magically be .thenable and awaitable.

#About filesystem API...

Most of the time, you'll end up needing promisification for the fs API in NodeJS. But there's a good news. fs already ships with promise based version of its functions.

Check out my article to know this uncanny art: Simple code with fs.promises and async await.

Hope you got something good out of it πŸ˜‡.

Thank you for reading.